Research Article

Effect of Wireless Sensor Networks to Increasing Causes of Numbness

Md Rahimullah Miah*, A A M Shazzadur Rahman, Mohammad Abdul Hannan, Alamgir Adil Samdany, Foujia Akhtar, Md Sabbir Hossain, S.A.M. Imran Hossain, Md Shahariar Khan, Md. Sher-E-Alam, Jorin Tasnim Parisa, Mohammad Basir Uddin, Fuad Abdullah, Chowdhury Shadman Shahriar, Md Mehedi Hasan, Alexander Kiew Sayok, Ahi Sarok, Mohammad Belal Uddin, Motia Begum, Jorin Tasnim Parisa, Md Mokbul Hossain, Mohammad Taimur Hossain Talukdar, Shahriar Hussain Chowdhury.

Department of IT in Health, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh and PhD Awardee from IBEC, UNIMAS (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak), Sarawak, Malaysia
Department of Medicine, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Endocrinology, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Orthopedics, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Economics, Moulvibazar Govt. Women’s College, Moulvibazar, Bangladesh
Department of Pathology, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Paediatrics, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Law, Metropolitan University, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Govt. S.C. Girls’ High Scool, Sunamganj, Bangladesh
Department of Paediatric, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Faculty of Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
USMLE Student, USA and Ex-student of North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Department of Law, Green University of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
IBEC, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Faculty of Social Science, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh
Lawyer, Judge’s Court, Sylhet and Sunamganj, Bangladesh
Govt. S.C. Girls’ High School, Sunamgonj, Bangladesh
Department of Pharmacology, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Associate Professor, Department of Clinical Oncology, North East Medical College, Bangladesh
Department of Dermatology, North East Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Received Date: 02/08/2021; Published Date: 16/08/2021

*Corresponding author: Dr. Md. Rahimullah Miah, Head, Department of IT in Health, North East Medical College, Affiliated with Sylhet Medical University, Sylhet, Bangladesh

DOI: 10.46718/JBGSR.2021.09.000217

Cite this article: Md Rahimullah Miah*, A A M Shazzadur Rahman, Mohammad Abdul Hannan, Alamgir Adil Samdany, Foujia Akhtar, Md Sabbir Hossain, S.A.M. Imran Hossain, Md Shahariar Khan, Md. Sher-E-Alam, Jorin Tasnim Parisa, Mohammad Basir Uddin, Fuad Abdullah, Chowdhury Shadman Shahriar, Md Mehedi Hasan, Alexander Kiew Sayok, Ahi Sarok, Mohammad Belal Uddin, Motia Begum, Jorin Tasnim Parisa, Md Mokbul Hossain, Mohammad Taimur Hossain Talukdar, Shahriar Hussain Chowdhury .Effect of Wireless Sensor Networks to Increasing Causes of Numbness


Background: Numbness is a complex sensor disease in legs, feet, lower parts of the body or entire body. Yet Medical professionals are facing the insufferable supplementing causes of numbness in individual’s body as a very important global health issue since the 20th century.

Objective: The study aims to evaluate the applications of the fluctuated and processed radio frequencies that effect limbs or other organ of the body within and around the individual’s body boundary at GPS locations. Everyone uses mobile phone within GPS location, but none can know its impact.

Methods: This impact identifies through ISNAH Experiment on cat and dog through application of processed wireless sensor networks at open activities eyes and GPS positions.

Results: This study represents the numbness with sudden pain due to misuse of wireless sensor networks towards an individual’s body at light and dark environment. The research also focuses on the more effective enlarging causes of numbness in dark than light environment. These findings replicate the implication in numbness through operative treatment and recovery that the surgeons provide, which cannot improve efficiently due to abusing wireless sensor networks. The study also found the digitalized health systems are in risks to insecure advances sensor technology.

Conclusion: Systematic healthcare awareness is vital for management with modern technological device but such awareness is still below par, which is alarming to individual’s good health. The study suggests future research trajectories of a new sophisticated alternative secure treatment approach to promote healthcare in the priority of Sustainable Development Goals 2030.

Keywords: Numbness; GPS Location; Body boundary; Sensor Networks; Environment.


Nowadays numbness augments in legs or feet or lower part of the body in sudden among human beings [1-4]. Numbness of body is a silent sensor disease, which is numbed from the waist down to the legs [5,6]. Suddenly some male or females may feel numbness in their legs and feet or lower part of the body or entire body because of sitting / sleeping in a position that puts too much pressure on the nerves or reduces blood flow or lack of body electron movement [7-10]. However, continuing or unexplained numbness may be a mark of a causal medical condition [11-13]. Long-term numbness or a tingling feeling in the legs, feet, part of body or entire body may be because of conditions in several ways, such as multiple sclerosis, diabetes, peripheral artery disease, fibromyalgia or unwanted sensor networks [14-18]. A lack of pharmacological tools has delayed our understanding of the physiological mechanisms of causal tingling paresthesia. It may feel the sensation in the entire leg, below the knee, in different areas of foot or lower part of the body within a body boundary of the existing GPS locations [19-22]. From higher study research, the researcher finds new ideas of the reasons any person might experience numbness in the legs, feet or lower part of the body or in the full body suddenly numbness, along with identified symptoms, treatment with recovery systems [17,23-26]. The aim of the study is to find out the root causes of numbness through processed wireless sensor networks to solve with core challenges in worldwide public health security.

Methods and Materials

We conducted this research method at as PhD research work from October 2014 to October 2017 at the Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Malaysia. We connected the method with different parameters to enhance data collection, ISNAH Experiment, Specimens Tracking Process, Data Analysis and interpretation as below

Data Collection

All specimens housed in a room with controlled temperature 36.4°C in cat and 36.7°C in dog with breathing rates, respiration, blood pressure and feline body mass index.The experimental design randomly divided into three experimental groups with Body Mass Index: obese, normal and thin and observed the impact of wireless sensor networks towards pancreases among them in the light and dark environments. The study causes an integration of methods used in wireless sensor networks towards animals’ body and identified its implication. This envisaged the research taking in matter-of-fact research elements to investigate issue hoisted in the study, primarily targeted at SMART devices like telematics’ users towards specimens. Telematics is a smart device, comprises scanner, Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The fieldwork conducted in the studied area from January 2015 to January 2017.

ISNAH Experiment

Sensor technology comprises ISNAH Experiment. It implies the experiment on the Impact of Sensor Network on Animals and Human beings (ISNAH). The cyber trackers misuse the sensor technology to augment non-communicable diseases among animals and human body. The study examined into two specimens, one is dog and another one is cat among 14 individuals for identification of this misuse application. These animals are available in the study area and suitable for experiment. The study selected sound health two species with Feline Body Mass Index (FBMI) and other following parameters as shown in (Table 1).

The experiment took on dark and light conditions. The specimens stayed in specific geographic location and put the individual inside the iron case (size: 3.5′x 2′x2.5′). Then measurement of individual’s coordinates location includes longitude, latitude and ellipsoid height with GPS and GNSS identifiers.From the field observation, the Automated Radio Telemetry System is more effective in dark than light environment. For this purpose, the study was to examine the system with on smart cell phone, telematics device, iron cage and individual species separately. The dog and cat put into the iron cage with cell phones separately.

The experiment continued at five locations, viz.

  1. Location A with light environments but no Wi-Fi,
  2. Location B with dark and light environments including Wi-Fi,
  3. Location C with dark and light environments including Wi-Fi,
  4. Location D with light environments but no Wi-Fi,
  5. Location E dark and light environments including Wi-Fi.

These experiments continued to identify the reflection of Automated Radio Telemetry System from Telematics device via cell phone towards animals at 09:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m. from 1 January 2017 to 28 January 2017. The location of experiment settled the species with the temporal conditions through global positioning system. Although many important moments in animal’s life are difficult to study because they are rare, cryptic or occur over large spatial or temporal scales. For the study of FBMI calculation, we used the study web calculator through using rib case circumference and length of the lower back leg from the knee to the ankle.

Table 1: Two selected animals’ specimens with Feline Body Mass Index (FBMI).

Figure 1: Numbness through Tracking with Processed Radio Frequency [76].

Specimens Tracking Process

Sensor networks track on animals and human beings, where contains in blood circulation and movement of electron. The ISNAH experiment interlinked electron through tracking process. This process included several steps which enhanced to fulfill the Sensored observation. The study was observed the physical conditions including non-communicable diseases of animals like diabetes affected by the telematics device through misapplication radio frequency through tracking process as shown in (Figure 1). Different stages of Tracking Process of Radio Frequency towards animals are listed as below:

  1. Selective communication devices,
  2. Searching object and scanning of individuals body organ,
  3. Identify body organ and light and dark environment,
  4. Sensored the specimens with high, normal and low radio frequency,
  5. Observed and compared the specimens status,
  6. Feedback meeting and illustrated the consequences at result and discussion.

Data Analysis and Interpretation

Quantitative and qualitative related bio-sensor data got through field observation, interviews, field surveys and ISNA experiment while we got secondary data from diverse sources. All general information regarding the occurrence of specimens, status and affected condition checked for accuracy from the unique sources and sources of information also verified. We collected information regarding the initiatives of the authority towards the geographic locations through relevant secondary information and field survey. The compiled and processed data involved in preparing data master sheet and assimilated into suitable systems used in the results and other segments consecutively. The data compiled and analyzed for presentation and interpretation using standard data analysis software like MS Office Suite 2019 and SPSS version 27.

Table 2: Some reasons for numb legs, feet or lower part or whole body due to processed sensors.

Figure 2: Causes of Numbness of the body or part of the body.

Figure 3: Fluctuated Radio Frequency due to causes of numbness legs.


Figure 3: Table 3: Home-based remedy systems for recovery of legs or feet numb..


Figure 4: Misuse of Processed Wireless Sensor Networks [76].


Occurring of Numbness with Sensor Technology

Due to misuse of fluctuated radio frequencies within a GPS location, any animal or human beings suffers in numbness in actual time within specific radius of the individual’s body boundary. The processed frequencies create the digital poisoning within the circumference of an individual’s optical distance. Because of this, it blocked electron movement or blood circulation with poisoning in GPS location. If any person misuse the telematics or relevant sensor device towards he / she or both of them, they suffer in numbness at the poisoned location.

Suddenly or after a few moments at sitting or sleeping, a male or female’s legs go numb temporarily because of their posture or staying in an existing environment. This numbness creates as a chronic or long-lasting in a specific of the body, which is almost always a sign of an underlying medical condition or physical structure. Suddenly causes of numbness include

  1. fluctuated radio frequency,
  2. posture,
  3. sleeping gaps,
  4. injury,
  5. sitting gap,
  6. diabetes,
  7. clinging gap,
  8. lower back issues,
  9. sciatica,
  10. tarsal tunnel syndrome,
  11. carpal tunnel syndrome,
  12. peripheral artery disease,
  13. tumors,
  14. abnormal growths,
  15. fibromyalgia,
  16. multiple sclerosis,
  17. stroke, and
  18. alcohol use.

There are some specific symptoms for numb legs or feet or lower part of the body. Numbness is just one of the many symptoms associated with temporary and chronic numbness. Many people with numbness in their body organs experience additional symptoms at the same time or intermittingly including

  1. tingling,
  2. burning,
  • tickling,
  1. itching,
  2. crawling feeling under the skin, which as shown in (Figure 2) (Table 2).

If an individual suffers in numbness, he/she can take some simple steps to protect his/her limbs, reducing discomfort and improve mobility. Many people believe it is a crippling and practicable part of growing old. But effects are changing through the expansion of innovative technology. Treatments are better with innovative technology due to open-closed eyes systems, which illustrated in discussion part. Plenty of aged-people are well with little in numbness owing to sensor technological awareness.

The study mentioned that he/she is sitting or sleeping at home or in the office. If he has a mobile phone or sensor device around him with open eyes, his location knew easily. Even if he doesn’t have a mobile phone, we can know your location through laughing, crying, yawning, coughing, sneezing, talking, speaking, flattering, or being with open eyes. The distance between the various parts of individual’s body knew through the telematics device around him, and then digital scanning does with software like Computed Tomographic scan or Magnetic Resonance Imaging, the individual’s hand, legs or lower part of the body or whole body feel numb suddenly. Remote sensing device then applied the fluctuated-frequencies with electromagnetic force to the connective tissue in the area via telematics. After the few moments, fluctuated mobile sensor particles in the blood vessel contracts, the blood flow stops and the connective tissue becomes useless, then the leg or hand or lower part of the body becomes in numbness, which as shown in (Figure 3). In light environment, numbness occurs in 25 minutes and in a dark environment, it takes 12 minutes. However, optimum uses of radio frequency are suitable for body boundary. It is helpful to movement or straight of the body or part of the body. But suddenly fluctuated sensor radio frequency is harmful to all living beings. It can affect any male or female in numbness due to misuse of fluctuated sensor radio frequency within GPS locations.


Sensor technology is a blessing to all generations for sound health in a sound mind. But some cyber hackers are misusing the processed radio frequency with sensor technological devices and optical sights within GPS locations [27-30]. They create abnormal situation towards an individual’s body within the body boundary area. Then he/she affects in numbness either temporary or long-lasting [31-34]. Many people say their legs have “fallen asleep”, which is termed in medically as transient paresthesia [35-40]. Habits that can cause the body or part of body to fall asleep including

  1. crossing the legs for too long,
  2. sitting or kneeling for long periods,
  • sitting on the feet,
  1. wearing pants, shoes, socks, gloves that are too tight [41-45].

Most people with fibromyalgia experience a variety of symptoms including

  1. stiffness and soreness for no apparent reason, especially in the morning or after sleeping,
  2. chronic exhaustion,
  3. memory problems and difficulty thinking clearly, sometimes called fibro-fog,
  4. restless leg syndrome [46-50].

Almost everyone with fibromyalgia suffers symptoms in over one part of their body for at least 3 months at a time. Any other symptoms do not accompany if numbness in the legs and feet or is not long term, it is unlikely to be caused by fibromyalgia. The tarsal tunnel is a narrow space on the inside of the ankle [51,52]. Male or female with tarsal tunnel syndrome felt numbness, burning, tingling, and shooting pain in their ankles, heel and feet. It linked this type of nerve damage to reduced levels of B vitamins, such as B-1 (thiamine), B-9 (folate), and B-12, which is caused by excessive alcohol intake [53-56]. The legs are one of the most common parts of the body affected by Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) [57-59]. Most people with PAD experience pain and cramping in their entire body or part of the body, or in their legs and hips, when they are walking or going upstairs [60-65]. Some are with PAD also experiences leg numbness and weakness. Symptoms of PAD typically go away after a few minutes of rest [66-70]. However, the mentioned causes occurred by the missing of sensor technology, which as shown in (Figure 4). Though they may occur these as usual, either certain conditions. The numbness can cause problems correlated to sensing, feeling, and moving of the body or part of the body [53].

Some patients suffer from the symptoms as numbness in their hands or feet. After lying on one side of the bed at night for a while, the hands and feet on that side feel numb. Because of these reasons, it is difficult to sleep at night. Sometimes, if the patients hold something in their hands for some time, their hands feel numb. After a while they can’t hold on anymore. The doctor observed the patients’ history that they couldn’t even hold the mobile phone in their ears for long while talking on the mobile phones [48]. Many wonders why this could happen, which needs to find the root causes. Because of this problem, the blood circulation in hands and feet is less than normal [71]. Then the pain occurs due to fluctuated pressure on the cervical spine or neck and lumber spine, or the nerves in the waist [56]. The numbness also happens in some diseases including cervical spondylosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, lumber spondylosis, varicose veins, peripheral neuropathy, diabetic neuropathy and motor-neuron disease. Due to lack of vitamins or minerals, the patients suffer in numbness. But the numbness occurs suddenly, the study takes the instant time towards patients’ numbness seriously due to misuse of fluctuated radio frequency. Because of which the numbness later becomes severe, it becomes difficult to get rid of the disease. Therefore, if such symptoms occur, it is necessary to take the advice of a specialist without delay and take treatment for recovery after diagnosing the cause [72]. Occasionally the limbs become numb, which is a symptom of some sensor diseases through misapplications of sensor technology within GPS locations.


The proper treatment for numb legs, feet or part of the body depends entirely on the cause.


Medical options are for long-term numbness in the legs, feet or other organs of the body:

  1. Antidepressants: Some antidepressants, such as duloxetine and milnacipran, have approved to treat fibromyalgia.
  2. Corticosteroids: Some corticosteroids can help reduce chronic inflammation and numbness associated with conditions such as MS.
  3. Gabapentin and pregabalin: Medications that block or change nerve signaling may help reduce numbness associated with conditions such as fibromyalgia, MS, and diabetic neuropathy.

Home-based Remedies

Home remedies that may help to relieve uncomfortable numbness in the legs, feet or lower part of the body through following parameters [73-76], which as shown in (Table 3x).


At present, developing countries have no reliable sensor data despite substantial investments in digital health systems due to lack of sensor security [49,50]. The crowdsourcing data about providers, facilities and health measures is likely to grow more individuals with wireless sensor networks in risks. Artificial health intelligence and internet of everything use for better care and diagnosis, but these are expensive innovative technologies.


In conclusion, the study identifies the numbness limbs or part of the body within GPS locations because of the fluctuated radio frequencies. Based on this research, human beings and animals are not secure due to misuse of processed frequencies within body boundary wireless sensor networks in the existing environment. However, the study has attempted to improve a complete scenario of the speeding up causes of numbness in hands, feet, lower part of the body or complete body due to disseminating the fluctuated, homogenous and processed wireless sensor particles. The findings of this study obviously show for sensor network security and dynamic health policy towards present and rationalized generations. Everyone stays at optical sight with body boundary and innovative technology, but none can aware of its security systems. So, policy-makers, health experts and sensor technologists should develop a dynamic, secure health system in the future.



This research work is a part of PhD research, which was funded by the Zamalah Postgraduate Scholarship of Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia and also sponsored by the Information and Communication Technology Division (ICTD), Dhaka, Ministry of Posts, Telecommunication and Information Technology, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The funders had no role in the design of the research, in data collection, analyses or final interpretation of data, in the writings of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the findings.

Data Availability

The data are being used to support the findings of this research work are available from the corresponding author upon request.

Competing Interests

The authors declare no potential conflict of interests in this research work.


The authors acknowledged the authority of Universiti of Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Sarawak, Malaysia for providing the Zamalah Postgraduate Scholarship for the completion of the PhD degree. The authors are also grateful to the authority of the Information and Communication Technology Division (ICTD), Ministry of Posts, Telecommunication and Information Technology, Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh, for a PhD Fellowship during the higher study in Malaysia. The authors acknowledged the Authority of Northeast Medical Pvt. Limited, Sylhet, Bangladesh for kind supports.

Author’s Contributions

MRM designed the study. MRM wrote the first draft of the manuscript with other co-authors ASR, MSK, AAS, MAH, SHC and AKS reviewing and amending the initial draft. AKS was the main supervisor of PhD thesis. All authors read and approved the final version of the manuscript.


*Corresponding author: Rahimullah Miah. E-mail:


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